Pembroke has strong connections with some of the most colourful characters of British history. In 1456 Pembroke Castle became the birthplace of Henry VII – founder of the Tudor dynasty, and the first Welshman to wear the English crown, following the defeat of Richard III at the Battle of Bosworth Field in 1485.
This ended the wars between the Yorkists and Lancastrians. Henry’s claim to the throne however was not very strong. He had a great number of enemies. Among these were the Yorkist followers of Richard III, as well as other relatives of the previous king – Edward IV. Henry married Elizabeth of York in 1486 and thus united both sides. Henry’s son, Henry VIII, appointed Anne Boleyn (his second wife) Marchioness of Pembroke.
The portrait of Henry VII above was painted in 1505. His reign brought lasting peace to England following nearly 30 years of unrest.